Few things are more frustrating than finding your “golden case”—the case that will answer all your questions, solve all your problems and surely render opposing counsel speechless—only to realize you cannot understand a word of it because it’s been reported in French (and, well, you don’t speak French). While the search for English translations of case law reported in French is not entirely hopeless, it can be a challenge.
Unless the decision has been reported in an official court reporter or published in a bilingual jurisdiction, it is most likely the decision has only been reported in the language in which it was argued. Nevertheless, there are several pathways to take before admitting defeat.
To double-check if there is a translated version of a Canadian decision, search by style of clause (name of the case) on:
- Lexis Advance Quicklaw
- WestlawNext Canada
If these resources do possess a translated version of the case in question, you’ll see an “English” link on the French case, or you’ll notice the case is shown as being reported twice in the same database (one in English, the other in French).
Another source worth consulting is SOQUIJ, the body that publishes Quebec judicial and administrative tribunal decisions. Although limited in scope, its free database of Translated Decisions offers unofficial English translations of selected decisions from the Quebec Court of Appeal, Quebec Superior Court, Court of Quebec, Quebec Human Rights Tribunal, Quebec Professions Tribunal, the Ministère de la Justice of Quebec and the Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal.
You can also check out Jurisprudence Pancanadienne, a translation resource produced by the University of Moncton. This project seeks to increase the number of important court decisions accessible in both official languages. This resource mainly focuses on family and criminal law cases, working to translate cases across the provinces and territories. Use this resource to search for case translations by title, file number, or by province or territory.
Lastly, some of us at the Great Library have had luck searching for translated versions of cases by using CanLII on Google Chrome. When using CanLII and Google Chrome in tandem, a pop-up window which reads, “Translate this page?” appears. After clicking the “Translate” button, an unofficial English translation of the French case is presented.